Tactical-SEO

5 Design Essentials for a SEO Friendly Website

Either you’re selling a product through your website or advocating your services online, everything boils down to how web users perceive your website. A major ranking factor in Google is determined by your website’s usability; how your website design appeals to your users and how does Google perceive your website.

An ethical approach to make a website appealing for web users and search engines is defined by the use of SEO friendly practices. All you need to do is follow the basic rules of incorporating essential elements into your website design.


Design Essentials for SEO Friendly Website

Contents

#1 W3C compliance/Web quality & standards
#2 Conversion targeted webpage layout and types of landing pages
#3 Website rudiments
#4 Web aesthetics, and evaluating web aesthetics
#5 Benefits of reducing page weight

Total Page: 14


Download it Here, or find a copy at ResearchGate.net

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Review & Synopsis: Earth (1998). Analyzing the Character of Dil Nawaz

British left India in 1947. The dawn of August 14 saw the creation of a new nation, Pakistan, and the midnight of August 15 welcomed an independent nation, India. What follows these grand events is a sad tale of inhumanity, ingenuity and violence on the both sides of the border.

Review & Synopsis

Based on Bapsi Sidhwa‘s novel “Cracking India,” Earth explores the lives of the greater inhabitants of Lahore during and after the partition of 1947. Shown from the perspective of an 8 years old Parsi girl, it makes a contrasting analysis of lives before and after the partition.

Cover of Earth (1998)

Earth (1998)

Lenny Sethna or Lenny baby is a polio stricken 8 years old Parsi girl residing in the Lahore (In Pakistan) region of British India. Her everyday life revolves around her nanny Shanta, a Hindu woman, staffs of her house and the friends of Shanta; Dil Nawaz, Hassan and others. Her parents are well-known and respected in the society and they are known throughout the events for remaining neutral between the brawl of Hindus, Muslims and Sikhs.

In span of few months, Britishers leave the unruly subcontinent to the  ill-prepared and zealous statesmen. The insurgence of equal share in running the nation by Hindus and Muslims creates a rift among the community, working class men and political parties. The removal of British insignia creates a communal tension between the Muslims and Hindus. As a result, the entire northwestern and eastern regions are demarcated from the modern day India, hence, giving birth to Pakistan. What follows is communal tension, bashful pride, malevolence, hatred and massacre.

Hassan is the protagonist, so are Shanta and Lenny baby, while Dil Nawaz is the antihero or primarily the antagonist of the story.

Dil Nawaz’s sisters migrating from the Gurdaspur region of India are massacred by the Sikhs. In fit of rage, Dil looses his temper and turns into a killer. A once charming, non-violent and reasonable man is now a bloodthirsty war-mongering brat, killing everyone who tend to differ. In fit of jealousy, he kills his own friend, Hassan, the Sikh members and assist in raping the love of his life, Shanta.

Lenny baby is still young to make anything of the events. Still naive in reasoning, she partakes in the defeat of Shanta, her nanny. The ripple effect of violence and ethnic cleansing manages to swipe entire regions near Pakistan and Indian border, hence, killing millions.

Deepa Mehta’s approach in adopting the story by Sidhwa is to take on the darker side of modern civilization. Though, based on a micro scale of interpreting lives of a small community of Lahore, the subject overwhelmingly grabs the toll of violent outtakes occurred during and after the partition.

Religion and demographic dominance of Muslims over Hindus and Sikhs in Lahore culminates into massacre of innocents. The inhabitants are forced to leave town and migrate to Hindu-majority state of India, and so do the Muslims from the neighboring India to Pakistan.

Once friends, the people turn against each other and kill for the sake of religion. What British left behind becomes the reason for war and autocracy.

It also sheds light on the fact that the ruination of greater India wasn’t because of British but the selfish reasons of fellow countrymen. The want for a separate nation and bureaucratic privileges created a reason for the breakage of greater India. The trickery of politicians and selfishness over patriotism/nationalism was the precursor of the partition. The takers took the power and fame while the poor and insignificant class of society suffered the major losses. The two nations turned foes.

Following the success of Fire (1996), Mehta gave a similar expression of unconventional take on the subject matters for films. Packed with some subtle performances and linear story-line, Earth is an example of greater film-making.

★★★★★/5

Analyzing the Character of Dil Nawaz

Dil Nawaz is an antihero. A once suave, reasonable and delectable man turned into a war-mongering citizen. Grown with an astute belief of non-violence, love, cooperation and joy, Nawaz shines as a messiah till the first half of the movie. He puts a smokey mascara, Soorma, and dons a Taqiyah.

Aamir Khan as Dil Nawaz

Aamir Khan as Dil Nawaz

He loves Shanta but Shanta loves his friend Hassan. He catches them making love. The added tragedy of the rape and brutal murder of his sisters arriving to Pakistan from India after the partition enrages his fury and drives him into madness. Out of jealousy and revenge, he avenges the death of his siblings by killing innocent people of other sects. He even kills his friend, Hassan, and assists in raping Shanta.

He’s quite a reasonable man. He brings smiles by quoting his romantic couplets and selling delicious ice-cream, however, the turn of the eventscreates a villain out of him.

The portrayal of Dil Nawaz by Aamir Khan (Actor) is immensely likable.  He can charm the audiences with his wit and also grow hatred in them with his volatile attitude. His prolonging silence, deafening stares, mute between the dialogues, innocent looking face, slightly hunched posture and grim and tenacious gesture gives life to the character of Dil Nawaz. His demeanor of betraying and relishing the violence adds a multifaceted and multidimensional qualities to his overalls.

All in all, Aamir shines in the entire movie.


Earth (1998)

Directed by Deepa Mehta, Written by Deepa Mehta and Bapsi Sidhwa, Produced by Anne Mason and Deepa Mehta, Starring: Aamir Khan, Nandita Das, Rahul Khanna, Maia Sethna and others

Stanley Kubrick Movie Montage

Mastering the Greatness in Cinema: Stanley Kubrick, 63 Years Later!

The screen is a magic medium. It has such power that it can retain interest as it conveys emotions and moods that no other art form can hope to tackle. ~S.Kubrick


 

In LOVE with Stanley Kubrick

As confessed in my previous article on Room 237: Documentary, my love for Stanley Kubrick is undeniably a never ending saga of honesty and respect for his works. Starting from Fear & Desire (1953) and ending at Eyes Wide Shut (1999), every motion picture made by him managed to grasp my senses and left me bewildered for days. There are many things in his movies which I fear watching for the second time, some are very hilarious which I can never get enough of and few are a totally placid in almost every sense.

Watching the final sequence of 2001: A Space Odyssey; when Dr. Bowman travels through the atmosphere of Jupiter (Planet) and the transition of him, a man, into a Starchild, left me delirious for hours. I fear watching the sequence for the second time.

When Peter Sellers donned the character of the Dr. Strangelove (A cynic, war mongering ex-Nazi ), I felt a sense of hilarity in the overall absurdity of colonial tensions between nations and at the very cause of war. Seller calling “Mein fuhrer” to the US President and adding a Nazi salute adds charm to the overall content of the movie. This is one scene, I can never get enough of.

The reason why critics and the then general audiences mauled Kubrick and his movies makes me smirk, because, they are the priceless pieces of a greater art. Despite, being ratified as worthless crafts by audiences back then, his movies, over the time, gained the massive cult status and his characters remain alive still today; Alex DeLarge, Hal 9000, Lolita, Dr. Strangelove, you name’em.

His curious observation of the unseen and un-experimented subjects left us in awe; be it the subject of pedophilia in Lolita, ultra-futuristic theme of 2001: ASO or the taboo-ish jamboree of Illuminati groups, paganism and mass-orgy in Eyes Wide Shut. A perfectionist and constant improviser, Kubrick’s test with various genres, subject and time never failed him nor the audiences. A pioneer in many of cinematic achievements, he made his movies to quench his own discreet and sublime ideas and premises.

What made him Great?

Stanley Kubrick in his early days

Stanley Kubrick in his early days

A film-maker who never managed to win a single Oscar (Best Director), for which he can be considered the Leonardo DiCaprio of the Directors, but I must admit, he was out of the league entirely. He managed to make movies equal in realism to Italian Neo-realist cinema and in glamour to big-budget Bad ASS Superhero flicks of Hollywood; his is a versatile craft very few film-makers can ever master (Other being Steven Speilberg and Coen Brothers).

An adamant director and a thrifty producer, he never made a bad movie. Every one of his movies, over his filmy lifespan of 48 years in which he managed to make only 13 motion pictures and 3 short movies with an average of 4 years in between his next release, are considered the masterpiece of modern cinema. Rarity of commercial themes and budgets were common traits of his modus oeprandi, yet he never failed to deliver a finest product on the table.

2001: ASO, Spartacus and Barry Lyndon are ranked among the epics of Hollywood’s ever produced. Dr. Strangelove, Lolita and A Clockwork orange are among the highly lauded and critically acclaimed movies ever.

Most Clichéd about Kubrick

1. Slow and protracted scenes

Scenes from his movie 2001: ASO lasted for more than 15 minutes; when Dr. Bowman is pulled into a tunnel of colored light and other cosmological Shits of Jupiter, and also when he deactivates HAL (Hal 9000) for its mischief, which were weirdly long and slow. The sedated scenes often became the major trademarks of Kubrick’s craft which were later followed in Barry Lyndon, A Clockwork Orange and The Shining.

Capturing the time and space of entirety of a particular sequence [2001: ASO] were followed religiously by Kubrick, for whom there were no cutting shorts. When a scene required to be long, he made them generously long.

 

2. Reverse tracking shots

After Hitchcock, Kubrick would be the one who popularized the dolly zoom method of tracking shots in the movies. The popular scenes from Paths of Glory tracking Col. Dax (Kirk Douglas) walking in the trenches, A Clockwork Orange tracking Alex Delarge (Malcom McDowell) walking around the London mall and Gny. Sgt. Hartman (R. Lee Ermey) and his recruits marching in Full Metal Jacket were all done using reverse tracking shots.

 

3. Subliminal messages

The Shining is probably most famous among audiences for the subliminal messages it purportedly tried delivering. The length of controversy of discreet messages went furor, even Rodney Ascher (Room 237) made a documentary film on it.

…as it happened!

#1 Lolita (1962)

Lolita happened in the spring of 1962. An independent venture of Kubrick and James B. Harris, Lolita became the most controversial movie of the time. Their experiment with the sensitive subject of pedophilia and lust landed the movie in troubles with the censors. The British Board of Film Censors rated the movie ‘X’ therefore, barring the audience under the age of 16.

Despite, the comments it may have received from the then audience and the critics later, Lolita opened up a space for film-makers to make and promote movies as they pleased.

#2 Dr. Strangelove or: How I learned to stop worrying and Love the Bomb (1964)

The year 1964 began with the release of Dr. Strangelove or…, a comic take on Cold War and the brewing hatred between two giants of the World; USA and Russia. Assimilating the great cast, creating life like sets and adapting a dark story of war and nuclear weapon into major motion picture was quite a tough task for Kubrick.

Peter Sellers as the Dr. Strangelove himself and his alien hand syndrome, along with addressing the US president with “Mein Führer,” stole the show entirely. The implications of the movie is to portray the dire consequences of brewing hatred among two nuclear powers of the world, along with a comic gesture on what could happen to the world if a nuclear war is to take place!

#3 2001: A Space Odyssey (1968)

The most challenging and expensive venture of Kubrick has to be none other than 2001: A Space Odyssey. Made in 60s’, it explored a Science-fiction tale of how the world, mankind and Space would land up in the 21st Century. Kubrick employed the specialists from the fields of science and technology, Arts, Special Effects and Sounds to give his movie a real-life like experience.

From building a rocket capsule to creating a cosmological phenomena of an unseen Jupiter’s atmosphere, he mastered the craft of making stories that are far-sighted and thoughtful.

Most critics and audiences panned the movie when it was first released. Today, it’s a cult and is used in reference to every possible space exploration movies made post-2001: ASO.

#4 A Clockwork Orange (1971)

The year 1971 ended with the horrors of Alex DeLarge‘s criminal past. As it happened, a controversial story of A Clockwork Orange established Kubrick as the film-maker who could make movies on any subject given, despite the level of visual intolerance it could render On-screen. Alex’s character portrays a sociopath; he glorifies rape, assault and loot. He’s an imagery of evil, yet the movie established him as a profound character of behavioral psychology and morality.

It’ was banned in UK for 27 years, following the controversy surrounding the violence occurred in the English society which were believed to be inspired by the movie.

#5 Barry Lyndon (1975)

Alex’s story was followed by the exploits of the 18th century Irish Adventurer in 1975, when the year ended with the Luck of Barry Lyndon. A movie of epic proportion, after Spartacus, Barry Lyndon explored the rise and fall of a hearty character -Barry Redmond, an Irishman who managed to experience the harshest treatments and sweetest pleasures the world has ever to offer.

3 hours long, the movie is considered one of the finest movies of Kubrick. Despite its rather slower and darker tone, the movie doesn’t fail to capture your attention and constant critical consensus. It’s a masterpiece!

Ryan O’Neal, donning a Victorian-aged suit with a curly blonde locks and quirky smile,  shines throughout his adventures in the movie.

#6 Eyes Wide Shut (1999)

Professed as an Erotic-Thriller by the critics, Eyes Wide Shut took on the complex premise of Illuminati gathering and quasi-religious sexual rituals. Exploring the taboo subjects, Kubrick’s approach went towards showing how a regular family suddenly erodes because of the effects of unforced measures of relationships. Sexual fantasy, envy, dishonesty and boredom are its common themes.

Released few months after the death of its Kubrick, Eyes Wide Shut remained his final ever project which marked his 13th motion picture and end of his career.


For complete Stanley Kubrick Filmography, The Kubrick Site and Kubrick Collection @WarnerBros

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Outcry of the Forced Labor from the Cotton Fields of Uzbekistan

Almost one million Uzbek fought alongside Russians against the Nazi force in WW II. After 41 years, with the dissolution of the Soviet Union, Uzbekistan declared independence on August 31, 1991.

Under the autocratic leadership of Islam Karimov, the nation fell into a dictatorial regime where choice of life was a mere right possessed only by the powerful and rich.

Cotton Plantation & Slavery

The cotton plantation is synonymous to the darker past of modern history. Primarily, referring to the Slavery of America, cotton plantation began in larger scale in 1621 in southern states of USA by applying human slaves; African, Mexican and Caribbean, in form of forced labor.

By the late 1920s, around two-thirds of all African-American tenants and almost three-fourths of the croppers worked on cotton farms. It took a long time even after the assassination of Lincoln to completely abolish the slavery, moreover, forced labor to disappear entirely.

Farmers carrying sacks of harvested cottons, in Uzbekistan

Farmers carrying sacks of harvested cottons, in Uzbekistan

In Uzbekistan, the cotton (known as White Gold) farming peaked during the regime of Soviet Union. People, of every class, caste and age, were forced into the cotton fields. Even today, the Uzbek government owns the farms and forces its people to work in the field in return of a meager pay, and those who speak against the atrocity are penalized hefty compensations of various sorts.

Other neighboring nations in Central Asia follow suit. They have been forcibly employing people into cotton farming. It proved to be a form of oppression, time after time.

State of Forced Labor in Uzbekistan

The current state of Uzbek people working in the field isn’t different from that of African Americans living in America 100-200 years ago. Though, not brutally harassed by the owners or whipped most of the times for not meeting the daily quota, workers in Uzbekistan still fear for their lives. People from every walk of life are compelled to sign a voluntary form against their will to work in a cotton field during the great harvest season.

Government employees who wish to resist the enforced labor are required to pay $200 as a form of compensation. Those who plead international organizations and human rights groups to interfere in the matter are humiliated and exiled from the nation altogether.

Info-graphic on Uzbekistan’s Cotton Farming

Uzbekistan cotton farming infogram

 

65% of the total population, which accounts for 19,619,210 people, are mobilized every year for the very purpose of harvesting cotton. Even people far related to agriculture are pulled in. Threats of expulsion, loss of employment or pension etc are common methods of torture implied by the government to force the labor meet its yearly quota of cotton exports, which alone stands to be US $1 Billion.

Denial of basic rights, human rights, demand for equal and fair pay and choice of employment doesn’t exist in this part of Central Asia. With Islam Karimov on power, the atrocity seems to continue till infinity.

Child Labor & Denial of Human Rights

Children in an Uzbek household enjoying football match on television

Children in an Uzbek household enjoying football match on a Television

Children are the usual form of labor used during harvest of cotton. Kids, as young as 9, were used as intensive labor by the state during cotton harvesting. As early as 2011, Uzbek state dropped using kids in the field, however, the trend still continues (including many other Central Asian nations) despite the protest of Human rights group and others against Karimov’s dictatorship.

Kids aging 13 or more are brought onto the field and are forced to work 12 hours a day with the daily quota of 60 kg, and they are crammed inside a house with poor living conditions.

These are menials which are denied proper wages or bonuses, as the profit from exports is ripped by the government entirely.

Last year’s cotton harvest in Uzbekistan saw again hundreds of thousands of children and adults forced to pick cotton during the harvest.

Although under pressure from campaigners the government avoided the mass mobilization of younger children, it forcibly mobilized older children from secondary schools (15 to 18-year-old) and adults.

~AntiSlavery.org


 

~Gallery~

Resources

Slavery in Uzbek cotton industry @AntiSlavery.org, Forced labor in cotton sector @CottonCampaign.org, The life of Uzbek cotton farmers @Rferl.org

The 400 Blows cover photo

Review & Synopsis: The 400 Blows (1959), and Analyzing Post-WW II France

The 400 Blows (1959) presents the then France as it was. The troubled life of Antoine is saddening yet witty and his troubles glorify the grandeur of French Cinema. An important movie of the French new wave.

~Review~

Official Poster of The 400 Blows

The 400 Blows (1959), official poster

Seeing the Paris of 50s’ is like watching a Cabaret with a glass of Chardonnay in one hand and Romeo y Juliet on the other. The black and white texture gives a stark contrast between the backdrop and the characters (The backdrop blends in with the scene and never once overshadows the forefront characters). The plots are simpler and the story is the simplest of them all. Can it be called a worthy contemporary of the Neo-realism? Well, Yes!

The 400 Blows explores the underlying ideas of post-war french society and its effects on the younger generation. Set in the 2nd half of 20th century, the time of greater inventions and sociopolitical improvements, the modus operandi is a clash between new and older France. Antoine Doinel (Jean-Pierre Léaud), the protagonist, carries the sole tiresome weight of the new wave cinema over his tiny shoulders throughout the movie. He, a figure of hope for every teenagers who have been struggling with their emotional tragedies and identity crisis, gives life to the troubled character of Antoine, a troublemaker.

François Truffaut’s (Director) approach has been to show the world his own younger life through a cinematic kaleidoscope. The movie may seem like the reflection of today’s world, because it’s about the everyday story of us. Other than the emotions and tragedy, he succeeded in adding some wit to the script, which could have been much more sadder than it’s generally seen.

To add further, The 400 Blows also belongs to an Escapist genre. The French New Wave it is, but it also carries the qualities of Escapist cinema. The protagonist and the very motive of the movie establish a point of escaping the brutal past, be it a personal troubled life or the scar left by the war. The then society is the very villain of the movie, and Antoine solely survives its wrath.

 ★★★★★/5

~Synopsis~

The movie starts with an opening scene showing Eiffel Tower of Paris, France.

The movie starts with an opening scene showing Eiffel Tower of Paris, France.

The All Boys School, the students are seen poking fun at the lecturer

The All Boys School, the students are seen poking fun at the lecturer

One of Antoine Doinel's classmate, dancing his way off the street

One of Antoine Doinel’s classmate, dancing his way off on the street, “Ah! Ah! Ah!..Stayin alive!!”

Children reacting while watching a Puppet show

Children reacting while watching a Puppet show

Antoine and his friend comprehends a double-crosser who tries stealing their typewriter

Antoine and his friend comprehends a double-crosser who tries stealing his typewriter

Antoine's thrown into a cell after he's nabbed by his father and after being handed over to the police

Antoine’s thrown into a cell after he’s nabbed by his father and is handed over to the police

Left: Antoine looking outside the police van, Right: He's crying over his unfortunte fate

Left: Antoine looking outside the police van, Right: He’s crying over his unfortunate fate

One of the most powerful scenes, Antoine makes a cigarette out of tobacco and stray paper inside his cell

One of the most powerful scenes, Antoine makes a cigarette out of tobacco and stray paper, inside his cell

Antoine's punished by the monitor of the Juvenile Detention Home for eating before everyone else started

Antoine’s punished by the monitor of the Juvenile Detention Home for eating before everyone else

3 young girls, probably aged 5-7, are locked up inside a cell of the Detention' Home

Another powerful scene; the 3 young girls, probably aged 5-7, are seen locked up inside a cell of the detention home.

Final scene of The 400 Blows

The protagonist, Antoine Doinel, runs away from the Detention in search of an unseen future –possibly, a happier one

 

Analyzing Post-WW II France

Post-WW II France, a nation formerly occupied and controlled by the Axis power, was built on an idea of escaping it’s horrendous past. To assimilate with the western nations, France introduced teaching English in their schools. Proper etiquette, better education and brighter future were as important the social issues back in France as they are now everywhere. The treatment of naivety was harsher with greater repercussions; nevertheless, the government believed that was the right way to improve its already ill-manifested denizens.

American Army trucks parade down the Champs-Elysées the day after the liberation of Paris by French and Allied troops, August 1944

American Army trucks parade down the Champs-Elysées, Aug 1944

The inhumane approach of treating the culprit was well observed in the then France. Children for their delinquency were reprimanded and isolated. [In one scene of the movie, 3 girls, possibly younger than 10, are seen caged inside the detention center. Those young kids left alone by their parents for their just misdeed are treated with such rebuke that even the current treatments of the correctional facilities around the world may seem childish.]

French new wave took an initiative of showing everything that was wrong with France and its modus oprandi. It’s idealism were mere doctrines which badly needed to be updated. [There’s no way but to escape the horrendous brutality of the system, and escape is what the protagonist does. He escapes his tragic familial confinement, then he escapes from the juvenile detention home.]


The 400 Blows “Les Quatre cent coups” (1959)

Directed by François TruffautWritten by F. Truffaut and Marcel Moussy, Produced by F. Truffaut and Georges CharlotStarring: Jean-Pierre Léaud, Albert Rémy, Calire Maurier and others

Distributed by Cocinor

12 angry men cover photo

Review & Synopsis: 12 Angry Men (1957) & Argument Analysis

In form, “12 Angry Men” is a courtroom drama. In purpose, it’s a crash course in those passages of the Constitution that promise defendants a fair trial and the presumption of innocence. It has a kind of stark simplicity.

~Roger Ebert (Film Critic)

~Review~

Sydney Lumet‘s maiden direction  provides an important insight on analysis and questioning of the human conscience and bigotry, moreover why it should and shouldn’t accompany jurors during any case. A method with which a court announces the decision against any accused is supposedly the just moral duty the jury members must perform, as their ultimate decision has direct influence on someone’s life and death.

Official Poster of 12 Angry Men

Official Poster of 12 Angry Men

12 Angry Men doesn’t start with 12 men grudging. The question of reasoning and desire for justice raises an angst among them to become angrier. The exasperation starts from the warming temperature of the room, it convulses into hatred starting from biases, prejudice and carelessness, and finally subduing into a vex for a fairer trail.

A debate on a fairer judgement by the jury is the only theme of the movie. Solving the criminal case isn’t the motive but sending a young man to death is. The 12 men jury composed of unlike individuals in a compact room on a hottest day possible to reason over passing a verdict, where only one stands up for a fairer judgement and 11 other are recluse into their conformity of the accused’ guilt, is what 12 Angry Men is all about.

Juror #8 (Henry Fonda) is the one who champions the cause for accused’s innocence, and the whole movie follows the unabated debate to prove one man’s point as a reason for general consensus, hence saving someone’s life.

The assertive dialogues and the greater gesticulations of actors add life to the script, which could have been duller for full 95 minutes. Fonda’s immense persuasion and tense in bringing facts and possibilities into his arguments brings a general disapproval from fellow jurors, however, his presumptions help change the stubborn decisions of 11 others. Every evidence here is based on an assumption and every reasonable decision is made out of it!

Set in a single room the entire time, the movie shows nothing of the trail, court-room drama or duller arguments made by the attorneys but only the discussions of jurors before reaching the unanimous verdict. Evidences are shown only second-hand, as reasons for disposition of the case are thrown here and there to prove reasonable doubt for guilt. The background score is less yet subtle. The camera is centered on human emotions and facial expressions. None of the casts misses any important scene nor anyone of them lacks a powerful dialogue to support their character. The brilliant use of visual cues and camera angle adds subliminal elements to the movie which can only be felt in audience’s subconscious. Lumet’s unorthodox treatment of a sensitive subject on-screen comes out to be alive and amazing.

 ★★★★★/5

~Synopsis~

Not Guilty – 1/11

12 angry men snapshot

Jurors are sent to a room to decide on the fate of a young accused

Not Guilty – 2/10

12 angry men snapshot

Jurors being ready to vote

Not Guilty – 3/9

12 angry men snapshot

Only one, Juror # 8, calls “Not Guilty,” rest jurors are convinced of the crime

Not Guilty – 4/8

12 angry men snapshot

Juror #10 makes bigot and prejudiced remarks against the accused, which other find offensive

Not Guilty – 5/7

12 angry men snapshot

Juror #8 tries hard to convince others to find a reasonable doubt

Not Guilty – 6/6

12 angry men snapshot

Juror # 5 is the most articulate person in the entire team, who doesn’t even break sweat t all

Not Guilty – 7/5

12 angry men snapshot

Juror # 9, an old man, is supportive of Juror # 8 approach in analyzing the truth

Not Guilty – 8/4

12 angry men snapshot

Juror # 8 makes some insightful criticisms on the evidences and witnesses provided

Not Guilty – 9/3

12 angry men snapshot

Juror # 3 is the one who is most stubborn and declares Juror #8’s reasons a filth

Not Guilty – 10/2

12 angry men snapshot

Juror #3 tries proving the method of killing to Juror #8

Not Guilty – 11/1

12 angry men snapshot

All the jurors find Juror #3’s remarks against the case very offensive and unstandable

Not Guilty – 12/0

12 angry men snapshot

Juror #5 and #6 watch Juror #3 as he blabbers about his personal angst against criminals in general which no one else in the room is at all convinced of.


Analysis of Jurors’ Arguments

The jurors’ argument covers presumption of innocence and persuasions. Reasonable doubt is the burning factor among the few jurors, enlarged and popularized by only Juror # 8 to provide a fair judgement from fairer -supposed to be, jurors. If all the 12 jurors, based on their personal biases and prejudice without reasoning or fact finding, declare the case against the accused, the young boy will face capital pubishment. Juror #8 never confirms that the boy is guilty or not nor does he confirms his facts, his presumptions are all based on a reason for factual premise of the evidences and witnesses provided, therefore, his matter of persuasion among other 11 jurors is to look into things more tactfully and not judge the matter in a flick of second.

Ethnics and moralLogical reasons and Persuasions are all it takes for one person to correct the misconceptions of other. Persuasion is what Juror #8 uses to make other jurors to not decide on a whim, more importantly not on what they’ve heard and saw on the court but personal assurance of what could be correct and what couldn’t.

The tension’s born out of personal differences, personality conflict and body languages. As jurors find more reasons for the accused not being guilty, they channel their anger against personal biases and prejudice. At the end, the justice is served! All thanks to the value of reasoning and persuasion that helped change the 11 jury members’ conceited ideologies into a fairer and unanimous verdict.


 

12 Angry Men (1957)

Directed by Sydney Lumet, Written by Reginald Rose, Produced by Henry Fonda, Reginald Rose, Starring: Henry Fonda, Lee J. Cobb, E.G. Marshall, Martim Balsam and others

Distributed by United Artists

jack-nicholson-the-shining

ROOM 237: Unraveling the Mysteries of Stanley Kubrick’s The Shining (1980)

“Symmetry, subtlety, and the thin line between civility and barbarism.” — Kevin Ernest Long

I’m in this passionate love with Stanley Kubrick’s mind. I wonder, how he finds these undefinable elements and adds depth to his characters. The deafening silence that prolongs the plots of his movies and the sudden yet subtle explode of climax is unimaginable. My love for Kubrick is based on his story-lines crafted with finesse and his actors who add mcharm to their characters with infinite improvisations and retakes.

Kubrick montage

A true perfectionist, Stanley Kubrick is quite the smartest and intelligent film-maker ever.

ROOM 237

An exemplary examining documentary on Kubrick’s masterpiece, The Shining (1980), and the obscure elements existing in the movie.

Offering diverse theories yet controversial, these film fanatics unravel the mysteries hidden in Kubrick’s movie. As it may sound crazy, the theories presented are personal findings and recollections of people who dedicated an important portion of their life decoding the movie’s messages.

Official Poster; Room 237

Official Poster; Room 237

ROOM 237 takes you to an Odyssey inside Kubrick’s mind! Dissected and displayed in front on the table, these are the showcase of various ideas pertaining to historic and cultural facts embedded into his movie which are finally revealed. They presumably fail to justify the authenticity of their hypothesis, as it cannot be validated with Kubrick who is no longer alive, however, the suggestions made by these experts were the eternal part of Kubrick’s life which can or do relate to his film-making style.

There are 9 segments, each decoding the metaphors which were possibly intentionally added by Kubrick during the filming to embed the message he wished to deliver yet denied public from seeing it. An exemplification of product marketing –Subliminal Marketing.

Some of the most Horrifying Theories

#1 The Fake Moon Landing (Apollo 11)

One theorist suggests that the Apollo 11 landing on the moon was faked, moreover, it was produced by Kubrick in a Hollywood studio. He points out that he found telltale signs of front projection used in moon landing footage, which is primarily used during film-making. Also, there are subliminal signs in the various plots of the movie that suggests that Kubrick intentionally embedded those images that profess that the landing was faked.

Room 237 of the hotel room is the base of all the nastiness and evil. In this very room, Jack encounters a ghost and hence starts being lunatic. Later Danny stops by the room staring at the very door, like he suspects there is something hidden inside -things he mustn’t know. Dick Hallorann, a chef, confirms Danny’s doubt by declaring the fact that he must never talk or care about Room 237. It’s prohibited from Danny’s eyes as well as the truth of moon landing’s prohibited from the public.

This very room also defines a part of Kubrick’s life he contracted to NASA and could never profess about it to anyone else. It’s a burden and regret he carried all his life that he wished to relive and so he did through The Shining, 11 years later.

He (Theorist) points to the knitted Apollo 11 sweater that Danny wears, and the fact that a carpet pattern resembles the Apollo launching pad as evidence that the film is an elaborate apology of sorts for Kubrick’s involvement.

#2 The Holocaust

Another theorist suggests, the movie is about The Holocaust.  He connects Jack’s sinister recitation of the Big Bad Wolf’s refrain to a Disney production where the wolf is an anti-Semitic caricature. Kubrick always wanted to make a movie based on the events of The Holocaust, however, he later dropped the whole idea.

It’s suggested that Kubrick sympathized with the whole holocaust thing. His prior life was mostly influenced by the horrifying events of WW II in Europe, and he showed the same through his movie by embedding subtle imagery of Nazi brutality and genocide of Jews. He’s an auteur, re-exhibiting the memories of Holocaust through The Shining.

A typewriter in most of the scenes plays prominent role. It’s randomly shown almost all the time in the movie. Typewriters played prominent role during Nazi occupation as well. Its extensive use in typing out and making a list of Jewish population was humongous during The Holocaust. If your are to watch The Schindler’s List, typewriters are extensively used and shown during the entire span of the movie.

 

#3 The Genocide of Native Americans

Kubrick’s ability to insert sublime elements in his movies is well known. In many instances, through the scenes and dialogues, Kubrick tried exemplifying the genocide that occurred in the greater American landscape against Native Americans.

The use of cans of Calumet Baking Powder in the backdrop, the poster of a Native hanging by the wall and the iconic elevator scene where the blood floods the whole hallway -suggests the height of American Imperialism which crushed the repression of Natives. Despite our denial throughout the history, Kubrick suggested that the truth shall come out either way and we must repent our wrongdoing one day. In the movie, it’s the gushing out of a flood of blood from nowhere.

In an early scene, the hotel’s manager, Stuart Ullman, claims that the property was build on the site of native American’s burial ground. Therefore, the scene where the blood is flooding the hallway signifies the very blood of those crushed souls which are buried beneath.


 

The Shining (Movie) Vs The Shining (Book)

Written by Stephen King, The Shining (1976) explores the objectives of paranormal in a rural hotel site and how a sane man is possessed by lunacy and is compelled to turn blood-thirsty for his own family. When Kubrick adopted the story, King stepped in with his creative inputs for the movie, however, after the movie was produced, it turned out to be way different than the book which infuriated King on a creative ground.

King’s important themes, such as the disintegration of the family and the dangers of alcoholism, were ignored. He quoted;

What’s basically wrong with Kubrick’s version of The Shining is that it’s a film by a man who thinks too much and feels too little; and that’s why, for all its virtuoso effects, it never gets you by the throat and hangs on the way real horror should.

Stanley Vs Stephen

Stanley Vs Stephen

Kubrick along with Diane Johnson co-wrote the entire movie. As assumed by the theories presented, he had everything different in his mind about it. His motive was not to present what King had created but what he witnessed in his life. Jack Torrance is Stanely Kubrick and The Shining is his own story.

The movie confuses you in most levels and makes you wonder; how come Jack is possessed by a demon, why does he keep seeing things that do not exist moreover interact with them, and why does Jack appears in the picture dated 1921 shown at the end of the film. It leaves a sense of wandering and exploration that doesn’t end with the movie. It’s his trademark style. There are various levels of psychological elements involved with the project, most of which are decoded and published by Room 237.

Be it The Holoacust, the genocide of natives, fake moon landing, the myth of Minotaur and his labyrinth or the psychologial englihtment of little Danny throughout the entire span, the movie silently takes your away into a journey that resembles 2001: A Space Odyssey (1968). A masterpiece, a cult and possibly the smartest movie ever made!

Room 237 (2012)

Directed by Rodney Ascher, Produced by Tim Kirk, Starring: Bill Blakemore, Geoffrey Cocks, Juli Kearns, John Fell Ryan and Jay Weidner

Distributed by IFC Films, IFC Midnight

blog-cover

Why I sympathize with (Blue) Jasmine? Jasmine Vs Blanche DuBois

As mentioned in the title itself, I shall only and only be talking about the character of Cate Blanchett in her 2013 movie, Blue Jasmine (Dir. Woody Allen). Following the uproar of audiences and critics regarding Woody’s new movie’s vast similarity to Tennessee William‘s novel and her character Blanche Dubois, I’ve considered comparing the two leads.

Who is (Blue) Jasmine?

(Blue) Jasmine or Jeanette Francis was an adopted child spoiled by her parents since her early age. Raised in a homely environment, she grew up to be successful than her sister Ginger (also adopted) in finding a better (richer) husband and uptown life. She loves the song BLUE MOON by The Lorenz Hart-Richard Rodgers, which she keeps relating to a moment she spent with Hal when they first dated. Dropped out of the final year in the college, she marries a business tycoon, Hal, and lives a lavish life in her Park Avenue home, sometimes, Hampton; often touring Europe, sailing, cruising and shopping in Manhattan and Monte Carlo, before being busted for Hal’s financial scams, and later being bankrupted.

On her last legs, Jasmine’s left poor. She moves into Ginger’s place in San Francisco and tries her luck being an independent woman. She has a fine taste for men and hooks up with this rich yet loving widower, Dwight, while lying about her past. She’s abruptly dumped by Dwight after finding out the truth. In despair and delusion, she walks out of Ginger’s home only to find her place on the streets, contemplating on her misdeeds yet being nostalgic and remembering the song Blue Moon.

~Jasmine Vs Blanche DuBois~

Here are some of the major contrasting difference I find in Jasmine and Blanche. Jasmine (nee. Jeanette) is a delusional, pretentious, alcoholic, pill-popping and nervous-wreck protagonist of Woody Allen’s movie -Blue Jasmine (2013), whereas, Blanche DuBois is a delusional, pretentious, alcoholic and nervous-wreck protagonist of Tennessee William’s book -A Streetcar named Desire (1947). Blanche’s left a mad woman at the end, whereas, Jasmine’s left with a broken soul. Blanche’s unable to connect with reality, whereas, Jasmine’s living in a surreal spectrum. Blanche’s searching for a companion and a shoulder to cry on, whereas, Jasmine’s looking for a rich guy who can give her Golden days back. Jasmine talks to herself or create a imaginary audience to talk to when being alone, Blanche seems non-interacting with herself but keeping her thoughts to herself often debating with herself inside her mind. Blanche’s afraid of her fading beauty, while, Jasmine is content with her long-lasting youth.

Blue Jasmine Vs Blanche Dubois

Blue Jasmine Vs Blanche Dubois

Some major similarities are; the pretentious parade of Status Quo never leaves any of them, while both are often haunted by their pasts. Hailing from the South, both of them spend most of their time drinking and being delusional.

Jasmine as well as Blanche demands for pity and greater sympathy from the audience. Both are lost souls.

In Reel Life

Jasmine is a strong-willed woman and she does what is required from her to get back on her knees, whereas, Blanche strikes as a low self-esteemed, self-assuring and a non-competing woman.  Jasmine’s a modern day Blanche with a striking personality and a bag of Chanel.

Why I Sympathize with (Blue) Jasmine?

Jasmine enters the screen with her Southern charm and wit. Despite her bankruptcy, she flies first class. She carries this panache of royalty that even her sister, who has known her the entire life, is amused by her presence. Wrecked by her former marriage, damaged personality and financial loss, she finds her recluse in her pills; anti-depressant and anti-stress.

She can’t find a proper job nor complete her studies. More often, she’s lost in the state of delusions; talking to herself on the middle of the street and staring at blank spaces. She despises having an affair with least-charming or least-rich men.

She’s the only reason why her husband went to jail and died, the only reason why her step-son left home and started a meager life in a record shop, and the only reason why she couldn’t find a better life post-conviction, failing miserably in everything else she tries her hand in, except spending money and posing.

She’s glorifies a disillusioned persona who can’t keep up with the reality; can’t accept life as it is and abandons every important relationships one can ever enjoy in life. Narcissist by nature and highly pretentious, she loses everything she ever owned, except her Chanel bag and set of posh couture.

By the end of the movie, Jasmine is nothing more than a pill-popping hobo in the state of trance and a zombie sitting alone on the street waiting for something unreachable.

I have a soft spot for people like Jasmine. I disdain them yet feel a regret for witnessing a sad period of their life. May she had made gazillions of mistakes, she’s now a woman in distress and a lone survivor. She got what she’s supposed to get, therefore, she deserves my sympathy.

.

This is how Vanity Fair puts Blue Jasmine:

“Woody Allen’s Blue Jasmine Is Perhaps His Cruelest-Ever Film.”

Blue Jasmine (2013)

Directed & Written by Woody Allen, Produced by Letty Aronson, Stephen Tenenbaum and Edward Walson, Starring: Cate Blanchett, Alec Baldwin, C.K. Louis, Sally Hawking, Bobby Cannavale, Andrew Dice Clay, Peter Saarsgard and others

Distributed by Sony Pictures Classics

Top10QuentinTarantino

Tarantino Vs Taratino, and My Big List of Tarantino favorites!!

His movies are famous for their violence and bloodshed; their blaring soundtracks; their offbeat, Pinteresque dialogue; their startling performances from actors you had almost forgotten about.

~NY Times

Tarantino Vs Tarantino

Quentin Tarantino‘s movies are mostly made up of nonlinear narratives. His movies are subject to Glorification of violence. His subjects are revenge and justice, which are indifferent from many other filmmaker’s subjects, however, what he can make out of it can completely be different in projection from the others. He’s inspired by movies from different genres made in the past, he brings old elements in his own story and mash’em up into a single theme containing of a justice seeking protagonist. He’s an amazing collaborator and a magnificent music connoisseur –picking background scores himself for his evenly eclectic scenes from the movies.

Quentin TarantinoTarantino’s repetitive and very much predictable, yet his craftsmanship is on a level of a such class that he can always get away with it by creating a niche piece of thoughtful movie that can cache on his superb direction and trademarks.

Starting from Reservoir Dogs to Django Unchained, his movies experienced a gradual development in story telling. His characters grew up and so did his film-making ability. He leaped from only telling an amazing story through nonlinear narratives and his Trademarked elements to more of a conventional narratives with his Trademarked elements still intact and flourishing.

The Tarantino we know today is different from the Tarantino that existed 10-15 years ago. His craft haven’t changed much and he still carries the same panache as before. His movies still follow similar story line; Loss, trail, retribution and revenge, however, his ability as a film-maker has grown to even wider and unimaginable horizons and he can now implore things that were rarely seen in his previous movies. We all know him best for his rougher cut movies, now they are more fine cut and well-tuned.

Advent of Grindhouse mashed with Spaghetti Western+Slasher and Retro Sound

grindhouse is an American term for a theater that mainly shows exploitation films. It is named after the defunct burlesque theaters […] where ‘bump n’ grind’ dancing and striptease were featured.

~Wikipedia

Grindhouse is the most commercial theme of Tarantino’s movies. He creates an unimaginable concoction of Grindhouse with spaghetti western and slasher. Now, slashing always has a greater purpose in his movies. Beatrice Kiddo couldn’t have gone away without slicing, dicing and chopping her enemies nor Sin City could have even more brutal without it.

There are many ways of torturing a character in Tarantino’s universe, you can either shoot them with a shotgun from a close range, cut off their limbs with a Ninja sword or just pluck out their eyes so they can’t see again their entire life. He can bring out the aesthetics and beauty of action well contrasted with the backdrop of the scenes; be it machine gun shooting Nazi occupied Germany, the Antebellum era with black slaves plucking out cotton or the fast food joint at Los Angeles.

“Music sets your soul free.”  Sure it does! He has a rare quality of picking unconventional sound for the very right scene. Isn’t it weird to hear a Jazz playing in the background when Django’s busy killing his enemies in a White supremacist South? That’s very unconventional.

[Sound Samples]

Most Clichéd about Tarantino

1. Blood Spillage

Tarantino pleasures blood. Blood plays a significant role in his movies. A movie without fountain of blood spouting out of someone recently sliced arm is non existent in his world. The gushing out of red fluid from a human body describes the occurrence of two things, either the crime has been committed or the justice has been served.

The malevolent practice of glamorizing blood spillage defines Tarantino’s style of brutality.

2. Homicide

Tarantino loves massacre. The protagonist’s lust for killing and finding the way through to accomplish the mission is what drives the entire movie. It won’t start until the protagonist kill his first victim and move on through the large crowd of dead before killing the only person that matters.

Crazy 88 from Kill Bill

Crazy 88 from Kill Bill

Homicide has a greater purpose of retribution for Tarantino and his characters. Killing is a need but pleasure. Antagonists in his movies are surrounded and covered by numerous henchmen or bodyguards, taking them off before killing the antagonist is essential because; to ensure nobody comes around from the back and stab you while your on the verge of your mission and to minimize the chance of leaving behind a potential nemesis.

3. Triumph of Truth and Justice

Tarantino supports the very idea of Truth and Justice. Audience may find his movie violent and all gore but that doesn’t mean the theme of it’s all about killing people. The greater idea is always the triumph of truth and justice through retribution. A protagonist always finds a way to seek justice, in the case of Tarantino’s movies they only find it after quenching their thirst for revenge by killing every man on sight that differs with them.

Django smiles after killing everyone of Candy's henchmen

Django smiles after killing everyone of Candy’s henchmen

It’s has never been a case when an antagonist has gotten away from the final scene without getting what he deserves. Beatrice Kiddo manages to kill Bill at the end and quench her revenge, so does Lt. Aldo Raine, he carves a SWASTIKA over Landa’s forehead to remind him of his wrongdoing for all his remaining life, and Django avenging the brutal torture he and his family suffered from the Slave owners and their henchmen.

At the end, Justice is always served. May the degree of treating a crime differ from many conventional films or what’s defined by the Standard Law, the ultimate reason for which justice stands is always served at the end.

My Big List

(Best Tarantino’s movies, listed #9 to #1)

#9

Jackie brown (1997)

Jackie Brown Movie Cover

#8

Death Proof (2007)

Death Proof Movie Poster

#7

True Romance (1993)

True Romance Movie Poster

#6

Sin City (2005)

Sin City Movie Poster

#5

Reservoir Dogs (1992)

Reservoir dogs movie poster

#4

Django Unchained (2012)

Django Unchained Movie Poster

#3

Pulp Fiction (1994)

Pulp Fiction Movie Poster

#2

Inglorious Basterds (2010)

Inglorious Basterds Movie Poster

#1

Kill Bill (2004)

Kill Bill Movie Poster

Resources

Quentin Tarantino’s Trademarks
Quentin’s World

Lost in thoughts, Theodore think about his and Samantha's life together

Review & Synopsis: Her (2013), Analysis of its Futuristic Theme and A.I.

Her, directed by Spike Jonze (Being John Malkovich and Adaptation) is a 86th Academy Award nominee for the Best Films, along with 4 other categories.

Love is made up of 3 unconditional properties in equal measure: Acceptance, Understanding and Appreciation, Remove any one of the 3 and the triangle falls apart.

~Vera Nazarian

~Review~

Set on a futuristic theme in the future day Los Angeles, Her explores the life of Theodore Twombly; a soon to be divorced, loner, geek but cheerful and happy go lucky middle-aged man, who’s been looking for greater companionship in life. Unhappy with his previous marital failures and complications, Theodore finds his perfect soul mate in a computer, [Enters] Samantha, an OS (Operating System) with an amazingly high A.I. (Artificial Intelligence) which learns and adapts human conscience and emotions in the shortest time possible.

HER Movie Poster

HER Movie Poster

Theodore finds his lost pleasure in his budding love with Samantha, even making love to it at one point of time (though screen black outs, Theodore and Samantha’s orgasmic giggles and chuckles are overheard).

Samantha’s IQ’s multiplying, so is her ability to adapt and expose human emotions, while learning its own implications in the society and the greater purpose. Samantha along with other OSs decide to quit their human bonds and create own virtual world.

The movie ends with Theodore staring at the city lights from the top of the building, along with Amy, his best friend.

Her, the movie, takes the human-computer relationship to a new level. It proves that one can really fall in love with a machine. Exploring a loner’s life throughout the movie, Her also makes a magnanimous approach to teach our society and reinstate the fact about the dangers and untapped growing uses of machines in our everyday life, and its implications on the future world.

Unlike, Terminator or I Robots, Her doesn’t explode the avenging-machines’ led rampage on humans but, essentially, makes a similar approach of disintegrating or disconnecting itself from the humans and society, following the advent of its growing knowledge and A.I..

★★★★/5

~Synopsis~

(HER through Screenshots)

Theodore window shopping

Theodore window shopping

Theodore talking to his OS "Samantha" after installing the program in his computer

Theodore talking to his OS “Samantha” after installing the program in his computer

Theodore talking to a character of his virtual video game

Theodore talking to a character of his virtual video game

Lost in thoughts, Theodore think about his and Samantha's life together

Lost in thoughts, Theodore think about his and Samantha’s life together

Talking to Samantha via phone, Theodore walk around the beach

Talking to Samantha via phone, Theodore walk around the beach

Theodore's colleague and his girlfriend spending a day off together with Theodore and Samantha

Theodore’s colleague and his girlfriend spending a day off together with Theodore and Samantha

In despair, Theodore rushes home to check on Samantha's surprised inavailability

In despair, Theodore rushes home to check on Samantha’s surprised inavailability

Theodore and Amy staring at City Lights [End Credits roll]

Theodore and Amy staring at City Lights [End Credits roll]

~Analysis of the Futuristic Theme and A.I.~

I, Robot by Isaac Asimov

I, Robot by Isaac Asimov

Her is based on the similar subject Isaac Asimov had spent most of his time writing –the ever-growing dependence on machines and their steadily expanding artificial intelligence. The implications of having a relationship with a computer is not only unsocial and psychopathic gesture but a technology led disbandment from the humans and relationships. The immediate effect of such a bonding will not only diminish the cordial value existing between a man and woman but also the prospect of them ever loving each other, living together and making one happy family.

What can and will Machines do to Humans once it realize its overwhelming amass of intelligence?? Well, we all know the answer for that –that might be the end of human civilization.

Might the movie explore emotional subjects of human life, its sequel will undoubtedly tell the story of machines taking over the world and rise of the machine.

Norman smiling in the last scence

Review & Synopsis: Psycho (1960), and Character Analysis of Norman Bates

A Magnum Opus, a Cult, a movie of epic proportion, a brilliant visual production of a crime fiction; whatever one  says about the film, it lacks  a definite taste to describe the actual weight of the movie’s brilliance and artistic importance.

The inexorable forces of past sins and mistakes crush hopes for regeneration and present happiness.

-Lesley Brill

~Review~

Psycho (1960) is Alfred Hitchcock’sown blood and soul. Despite being one of those rare movies produced in B&W during a commercially flourishing Technicolor film era, it managed to capture audiences’ attention through its subtle simple colored portraits. It doesn’t require any other color but black and white to tell the story of Norman Bates. It, undeniably, can be called a masterpiece, a gem of the greater American film industry.

Psycho Poster

Psycho (1960) Official Poster

The major themes of Psycho, as usual in Hitchcock’s any other film, are; Love, SEX, betrayal, crime, murder and psychologically ill villains. A batter of neo-noir mashed with Suspense and Thriller, the movie’s a visual concoction of prevailing crime of contemporary american society and consumerist lifestyles.

A simple Thriller drama comprising of yet simpler elements of an everyday film; a gorgeous woman (Starlet), psychologically ill or depressed villains, intense background score, police investigation and unique crimes, takes your breath away with its perfectly timed sequences and well-woven plots.

With common substances as of other Hitchcock-ian crafts, Psycho did prove a controversial film of its time, however, it did manage to grab audiences attention and critics’ praise over the time, and secured a Cult status. Impressive use of arts, fabulous acting by Anthony Perkins (Norman Bates) and greater direction of Alfred Hitchcock puts this movie in the top of the list of Best Suspense-Thriller/Drama movies ever made.

★★★★/5

~Synopsis~

(Psycho through Screenshots)

View of Phoenix, Arizona

View of Phoenix, Arizona shown at the start of the movie

Marion Crane making love with her boyfriend

Marion Crane making love with her boyfriend in a hotel room

Marion tries fleeing the city after embezzling $40,000 of her Boss's money

Marion tries fleeing the city after embezzling $40,000 of her Boss’s money

Marion driving through Interstate 10

Marion driving through Interstate 10

Bates Motel Sign

The Bates Motel Sign that Marion sees while on the road

Norman Bates telling his story

Norman Bates, the Bates motel owner, telling his story to Marion

Marion lying dead

Marion is dramatically killed in a shower by a mysterious looking woman, possibly Norman’s mother

Norman dumps Marions and her car in a pond

Norman, being an obedient son, dumps Marion and her car in a nearby pond

Norman scared with Detectives questions

A Detective is sent from Phoenix to investigate on Marion’s whereabouts. He questions Norman

Norman outsmarts the detective

Norman assumes he well hid the fact about Marion’s disappearance and gives a subtle smile

Norman crosdressed as his mother trying to kill lila

Norman, cross-dressed as his mother, tries killing Lila. it’s revealed that he was the guilty of killing Marion but his mother

Corpse of Nroman Bates deceased mother

Marion’s sister Lila tries investigating about on the matter herself. In the process, she finds a desiccated corpse of Norman’s mother

Norman confined in psychiatric ward

Police nabs Norman and sends him to a psychiatric ward. It’s revealed that he has a disassociated identity disorder. he is both ‘Norman’ and ‘Mother’

~Different Shades of Norman Bates’ (The Anti-hero) Character~

Norman Bates (played by Anthony Perkins) is the Anti-hero of the movie ‘Psycho’. Anti-hero in a sense, Norman is suffering from Disassociated Identity Disorder and he generally lives a two different life. Whatever he does or speak greatly differs along the two characters he exudes.

His two lives; first, as himself, ‘Norman Bates’ aka the son, is a caring and loving lad, a conscientious and civic in all manners possible, is a Hero of the film. He inspires Marion to admit her guilt and do the right thing. He desires to live in a better society. A hardworking and dedicated citizen. and Second, as his deceased mother aka Mrs. Bates is a dominating and evil. She controls her and her son’s life most of the time. She, jealous of other women and a sufferer of a male infidelity, protects Norman from the sensual influences of opposite sex his entire life. She motivates him to kill the woman who he finds attractive. She plants the hatred in her son’s life against womanhood and love.

Norman smiling in the last scence

Norman sarcastically smiling at the Camera

An obedient son and a dominating mother, are Norman’s two lives. To suppress the death of his mother and his ruined adolescence, He, often, is possessed by his mother’s persona and he does things what his mother aspires to do.

A loner but strict, Norman desires woman’s company and love, but he can’t profess his liking or initiate a relationship in fear of his mothers reprisal. A psychoanalytic character’s outburst and tantrums is what we get see from him. A predecessor of every psychologically ill character of the later movies.

Psycho (1960)

Directed by Alfred Hitchcock, Written by Robert Bloch, Starring: Anthony Perkins, Janet Leigh, John Gavin, Vera Miles and others

Distributed by Paramount Pictures (Original) & Universal Pictures

Resources

Character of Norman Bates & Making of Psycho (1960) @Wikipedia

matthew-leto-dallas-buyers-club

Review & Synopsis: Dallas Buyers Club (2013)

I’ve never seen any film by Jean M. Vallee before, until I saw Dallas Buyers Club and I can tell you that this is one of the Best films of 2013, undoubtedly! A prime contender for Best Movie and Best Actor,Supporting Actor in 86th Oscars!!

He detested Homosexuals his whole life and considered AIDS a horrible disease made for Fa***ts, until he realized that he was dying from the same disease, ironically, he was never a Fa***t!

~Review~

Shot, entirely using a single camera with ‘takes’ spanning almost 15 minutes, the movie doesn’t give an impression of a motion picture but that of a well-shot documentary (where everything looks unglamarous and shady). The use of real locations with naked strippers adds realism to it! The scrawny shoulders and bony ass of Matthew McConaughey can really leave an impression on you and you might start hating Crash Diet or diet of any other kind. Jared Leto, a HIV positive himself, on the other hand, with his skinny physique and almost peeling face can strike you hard where it hurts most (from which I meant, Heart). dallas-buyers-club-posterI never saw Matthew as an actor who can lead the film and establish a heroic persona for himself, but the one who fills up vacant roles for other actors; a filler, a side-wing and certainly the least-inspiring protagonist ever, until I watched Dallas Buyers Club! After ingesting his Southern accent and Cowboy-ish swagger with ‘F’ Word (Recited almost 500 times in the entire One n’ a half hour film), I can say he proved me wrong. He ain’t a filler nor a side-wing, but a reel hero who holds the whole weight of such a heavy-subjected film on his scrawny shoulders. Well, McConaughey sure tops my list for favorites to win Oscar this year, so does Leto for his magnanimous supporting role, which I can’t describe in just words. I didn’t figure out that was Leto until I saw the end credits (the moment I went “WOW!! Dude, You ROCK!!”). He, not only supports the weight thrown over Matthew’s shoulders throughout the film, adds charm and interest to a milder script.

A semi-real biopic of Ron Woodroof (A cocky n’ sexually hyperactive rodeo-loving Cowboy from greater Texas area), the film relays a strong and positive message to the viewers -To never loose hope! “You don’t die of a disease but lack of passion to fight against it!”

A brief life of Woodroof; from the time he’s tested HIV Positive to the moment near his death, is a constant fight against AIDS, health authorities, FDA, bigot society (in general) and, at the same time, a fight he fights along all those people who were dying from AIDS. He ain’t God, No he ain’t ma’am, but he’s a savior and a philanthropist of his own kind. Dallas Buyers Club it is, the club to help sustain lives of those who are considered a disgust in the present day world.

★★★★/5

~Synopsis~

(Dallas Buyers Club through Screenshots)

Ron motivating his friend during a Rodeo match

Ron motivating his friend during a Rodeo match

Ron's perceived as a Bully and rude by everyone

Ron’s perceived as a Bully and rude by everyone

The moment, he realizes he is HIV Positive during a accidental check-up in a hospital

The moment, he realizes he is HIV Positive during a accidental check-up in a hospital

Despite his illness, Ron enjoys his life

Despite his illness, Ron enjoys his life

Ron is seen enjoying drug and sex life

He is seen enjoying drug and sex life

Rayon, a LGBT with HIV illness, is requested by Dr. Saks to stay in hospital during her primary treatment

Rayon, a LGBT with HIV illness, is requested by Dr. Saks to stay in hospital during her primary treatment

A moment of Bitter Truth: Ron faces the reality and his emotions outburst

A moment of Bitter Truth: Ron faces the reality and his emotions outburst

Ron enters Mexico for a treatment and on his return he smuggles alrge quantity of antiretroviral drugs along with him which he sells in Dallas's streets

Ron enters Mexico for a treatment and on his return he smuggles alrge quantity of antiretroviral drugs along with him which he sells in Dallas’s streets

Ron, along with Rayon, start his Buyers club with a membership of HIV stricken people

Ron, along with Rayon, start his Buyers club with a membership of HIV stricken people

Dr. Saks finds Ron a good man, and she goes out on a date with him

Dr. Saks finds Ron a good man, and she goes out on a date with him

Rayon, near his death, is worried that he won't look beautiful anymore

Rayon, near his death, is worried that he won’t look beautiful anymore

Surviving almost 7 years after getting affected with AIDS, Ron never leaves his spirit of living his life full

Surviving almost 7 years after getting affected with AIDS, Ron never leaves his spirit of living his life full

Antonio on cycle chased by men

Review & Synopsis: Bicycle Thieves ‘Ladri di Biciclette’ (1948)

Bicycle Thieves or Ladri de biciclette (1948) is an Italian Neorealism film directed by Vittorio De Sica. A film of Magnum Opus proportion.

Italian Neorealism (Italian: Neorealismo) is a national film movement characterized by stories set amongst the poor and the working class […] mostly contend with the difficult economic and moral conditions of Italian post–WWII.

~Wikipedia

~REVIEW~

“It’s a story of an everyday man. His despairs populate the script and struggles entertain the audience.”

Bicycle-thieves-coverThe more you write about it, the more it seems to be lesser, not in density but in charm of words which fails to suffice the magnificence of the film. De Sica’s generous vision of working out with non-professional actors in creating a realist and heart-wrenching story is amazing.

Poverty and crime, the most lauded about subjects in literature seem a mere story when the real events turn out of a just life of people living in the shadow of Post-WWII Italy.

One may find flaws in the actors, however, you must not forget that the casts are all actually Non-professionals. Said that, it’d be naive to assume, Lamberto Maggiorani (Antonio Ricci) and Enzo Staiola (Bruno Ricci) lack passion in delivering their characters. The characters which will be remembered till the end of time.

★★★★★/5

~SYNOPSIS~

(Bicycle Thieves through Screenshots)

Antonio Ricci lands a job

Beginning: Antonio Ricci, a jobless father and husband, is offered a job of sticking film-posters on street walls, in a condition that he bring along a bicycle.

Antonio asks his wife for money to buy a bicycle

Antonio cannot produce a bicycle by himself. He asks his wife for financial hep.

Antonio's wife decide to sell bed sheets she bought as dowry

In hope of better future, she decides to sell the bed sheets she bought along in her marriage.

Antonio and his wife cheer for a life to come

Antonio manages to buy a bicycle. Both husband and wife look pleased.

Bruno Antonio's son cleaning the bicycle

Bruno Ricci, Antonio’s plucky young son, inspects the bicycle. He best puts his accent and mafioso swagger. Enzo looks less like a child and more like a midget, in the film.

Antonio's first day on job

The First day of Job: Antonio learns the trade. The same day, a young lad steals his bicycle.

Antonio and Bruno at petrol pump

Antonio looks at his young kid waiting for him on the street, in hope that the kid’ll ride back home in his father’s new bicycle.

Antonio and his friends decide to retrieve the stolen bicycle

ntonio, along with his friends, decide to recover the bicycle from stolen-goods market

Antonio runs on the fear of his sons life

As the search turns out in despair, Antonio becomes restless and cranky. He hits Bruno.

Client sulking over his luck at fortune teller's place

Bruno Antonio’s son cleaning the bicycle

Antonio apprehends the thief

Antonio nabs the young lad who stole his bike and apprehend him in public, however, the whole event creates a fuss, inviting public attendants to intervene

In despair Antonio looks for other opportunities

In lack of evidences and witnesses offered by Antonio, the young lad is set free and unharmed.

Tired and lost Antonio with his son

Both father and son seem contemplating.

Antonio about to steal a bicycle

Lost and in despair, he decides to steal a bicycle from the street.

Antonio on cycle chased by men

He’s briefly chased and is nabbed by some men

Antonios apprehended while-stealing a bicycle by some men

Antonio faces public humiliation and dismay. The fact that his own son witnessed the whole incident creates an awkward situation.

Antonio walks towards uncertain future

Antonio, along with his son, is seen walking towards the uncertain future [End Credit rolls]


 

Bicycle Thieves (1948)

Directed by Vittorio De Sica, Written by Luigi Bartolini, Produced by PDS Produzioni De Sica, Stephen Tenenbaum and Edward Walson, Starring: Lamberto Maggiorni, Enzo Staiola, Lianella Carell and others

 

british raj hunting expedition india

The dwindling population of Tiger has just reached the All Time Low of 3,200!!

Killing Tigers or Maneaters (as many of you would put it) is the symbol of grandeur, nobility and pride. Killing tigers has always been a passion for the Great kings, aristocrats and hunting enthusiasts. “The more you kill, the popular and fierce Ruler you become!” is what they all believed in!

A tradition ascending from the Mughals to the likes of Maharajahs, British Lords and Poachers, was a sever act of killing spree which .

~Royal Hunting Expedition & Genocide~

It all started during the time of Emperors who ruled majority of South Asia, primarily those who ruled over Indian Sub-continent. The Mughals were the primary starters of Royal Hunting (Sikar). Emperor Babur killed for pleasure, so did Akbar the Great and his heirs, and later Maharajas and British Generals. It was a symbol of royalty and pride; a method of proving manliness and socio-economic strength. Killing 100s of tiger in a day was next to none for them when they were done killing more than 1000 animals in a single hunting expedition.

British Raj, the ultimate successor of Mughal empire and the makers of Modern India, chose hunting to dominate their local peers. Killing tigers was not just a prideful enjoyment but a point worth proving to Indian monarchs and locales.

The Rajputs accompanied by British lords and generals killed 100s of tiger in a day. De-skinning the remains and showing off was the ultimate purpose of this great royal game.

~Poaching Tigers for Medicinal Purposes and Smuggling~

China is the biggest importers of poached Tiger parts. They primarily use it to prepare ancient medicines. Some elites prefer keeping tiger skin or bones at their home as a symbol of nobility.

WWF’s Initiative

97% of tiger population has been lost during the turn of 20th Century and till now. Many of the species has totally disappeared, namely; Bali Tiger, Javan Tiger, Caspian Tiger and South China Tiger, followed by many which are in the state of extinction.

Today, estimated total of 3,200 tigers survive in the wild. The endemic course of human-tiger conflict, poaching and habitat loss and fragmentation has caused the population to dramatically decrease from 40,000 to 3,200 in just mere 43 years.

In Nov 2010, leaders of the tiger range governments met in St. Petersburg, Russia and agreed on the goal to double the number of wild tigers by 2022. They presented the global tiger recovery program which represents the plan and commitments by the countries to achieve this laudable goal.

Download WWF’s Infographic on Tiger Facts

Back in Time

Etty-Candaules_King_of_Lydia_Shews_his_Wife_to_Gyges

Is Porn a Modern form of Voyeurism, and is latter a Crime??

The compulsion to seek sexual gratification by secretively looking at sexual objects or acts; the actions of a Peeping Tom.

Voyeurism gratifies sexual arousal, so does the Pornography! The concept of pornography is described by the ideas of taking sensual learning to the next level, so does Voyeurism!

Voyeurs are motivated by the curiosity of experiencing moments that generate sexual gratification, sensual pleasures or answer simple queries on ‘anatomy’. Peeping through a window or a key hole, setting up a discreet camera in a room or watching from inside the cupboard, are few prime voyeuristic acts that we know of, and couldn’t deny of not doing at least once a lifetime.

One major similarity between these two is that we don’t watch Porn in public neither do we voyeur around in front of others. Both are a covert mission operated at own risk. These days, with the advent of digital entertainment; TV, Internet and Cell phones, and quicker access to information, the whole hubbub of enjoying porn has been much easier, so has been the act of hiding oneself in a corner and exploring the world of sexual fantasies which we once enjoyed through a key hole.

Is Voyeurism a Crime, and can it be Prevented?

Caraglio Voyeurism

“Mercury and Herse”, scene from The Loves of the Gods by Gian Giacomo Caraglio, showing Mercury, Herse, and Aglaulos © Wikipedia

Many nations do consider voyeurism to be a grave crime. Though the rules and the treatment of the crime may differ, societies have never denied referring it as an impious act, a treachery and a greater guilt. Catholic Churches, since their inception, managed to define and accommodate voyeurism in their philosophies, called: common sins committed by men. According to the church, it as a heinous act of criminality; act against God’s teachings, for which one must be punished for grave sins they committed. The consideration of declaring it an act against God’s teaching has made a permanent place in their theory.

My point, we are a curious beings, we learn from our experiences, we sought knowledge on the subjects we are not known of, be it carnal. Considering the facts, can voyeurism be ever stopped? Even discouraged, can anyone really control themselves from not assaulting others’ privacy, one way or the other? May we describe it as an immoral act for which one must be punished, the weight of intentionally denying the opportunity of learning what one always have been curious about can not be dismissed, therefore, voyeurism as well as pornography can never be considered crime. Let us be humans and learn from our own faults, shall we?

It cannot be called a crime for motivating a crime, thought it can be described as a “reason for the crime” in a court, does it make a greater guilt for an accused to be banished from the society?

An over-exposed cleavage of a busty woman or her bulging bottoms undoubtedly arouses sexual desires in many straight males, or lesbians. Now, can her attire or fashion sense be charged for a criminal offence? May it inculcate a reason for crime, but will defining it morally or ethically wrong and banishing it from her closet serves a greater justice? Will voyeurism stop? BTW, it shall sure reap a woman from her right to clothing.

The more we discuss about it, the more complex it tend to be. Some Experts suggest that pornography can be used for treating Voyeurism. My Question, can a digital form of voyeurism help eliminate a physical voyeurism in any way? I personally don’t think so! Will this work for juveniles, whose instance for voyeurism exceeds that of an adult; to whom the moral policies of a society is hard to apply?

We all are a “Peeping Tom.” Pornography and voyeurism go hand in hand, and one defines other, but are they motive for crime?

Mother India Poster

Review: Mother India (1957) & Analysis of Socialist Theme and Nargis’s Character

Mother India, A Magnum Opus

Based on a socialist theme in an Agrarian society of Western Gujarat, Mother India (1957) accounts lives of countless Indian women who were and still are bound by their Indian values and beliefs, and are forced to advocate the greater cause of personal sacrifices for others.

Cultivating in the backyard of rural India, the aesthetic value of the movie largely remains of portraying the meager lives of poor citizens of newly formed nation. It emphasizes on the idea of building a greater nation through hard work, implementation of traditional values and establishing agricultural industries in every corner of the nation. Other associated ideas of the movie are; championing the cause for equal opportunities, importance of education, female prowess and fair loaning policy in the villages.

~Review~

Mother India

Mother India (1957)

Marking the 10th anniversary of the Independence of India, the movie materializes the idea of portraying greater patriotism, struggle, social accomplishment and advancement of woman’s role in the society in through theatrical gesture. Mehboob Khan channelized a great deal of effort to bring his niche art among the audience. As opposed to Katherine Mayo’s book “Mother India,” which primarily criticized Indian culture and the role of women in the society, Khan made his movie with the exact title of Mayo’s book to juxtapose with the contrasting theories presented by her –to deliver a message, despite our roots in social modus operandi which is seen as primitive in nature, the nation isn’t unfamiliar with the changing concepts of society.

Critically acclaimed and awarded with countless accolades, Mother India stands out among the greatest movies ever made in Indian cinema history. The Khan’s most ambitious project and Nargis’s most challenging character portrayal of her time, it is still remembered and applauded by critics and audiences alike.

The greater idea was to bring India into the attention of the world. To inform the citizens of the world about the newly formed yet independent nation. It demanded India’s share of respect and position among the elitist of the nations. Inspired by the Italian Neo-realism cinema of Europe, Mother India applied similar aesthetics and nature of capturing a developing nation. It’s known to have run in theaters for more than 4 decades. Film-makers, audiences and several key social stakeholders still look up to it for greater examples of cinematic and artistic triumphs and social struggle and patriotism.

★★★★★/5

Importances of the Socialist Theme, Rural Agrarian Settings and the Female Prowess

Immediately after the independence, the first Prime Minister of India, Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru, administered his iconic idea of socialism and human resource empowerment for build and organizing the petty Indian states and its people into a strong nation of like-minded citizens. The very idea of “Aam Admi” championed by Nehru was to facilitate equal priority to every citizen of the nation. A country where more than 80% of people were farmers by occupation, a socialist theme of governance was essential to build the initial steps for future development. India, today, runs through liberal and capitalist yet meager socialist practices, however, the initial ideas were developed from Nehru’s socialist inputs. The Movie, as well as Nehru, championed the cause of developing a new nation through initiation of agricultural enterprises and equal participation of working class citizens. With ever present male-dominance in the society, mass poverty and unfair loaning and lending system, the need of resurrecting an imagery of a God like and ferocious woman was essential. The male class was corrupt and polluted. Women were always known for being the ultimate Sacrificer, Caregiver and Nurturer in the Hindu society, therefore feeding the idea of representing a woman as the protagonist of the movie was challenging yet overtly ambitious.

Analysis of Nargis’s Character

Nargis Dutt

Nargis Dutt

Nargis Dutt, the protagonist of Mother India, portrayed a role of a Mother (Radha) in both metaphor and metamorphic manner. She bears a patriotic emblem of her nation. Her righteous deeds throughout the span of movie; raising children during difficult times, disapproving of selling herself off for money and the ultimate decision of taking life of her beloved son to protect woman’s chastity and values, makes her an ultimate Hero, a figurine of bravado. Her portrayal of an Indian woman opposes every bit of the theory opined by Mayo.


~Gallery~

Resources

Mother India in the making ( Part I, II, III, IV )

salim mirza muslim family in garam hawa 1973

Review & Synopsis: Garam Hawa (1974) and Analysis of its Sociopolitical elements

“At the stroke of the midnight hour, when the world sleeps, India will awake to life and freedom. A moment comes, which comes but rarely in history, when we step out from the old to the new, when an age ends, and when the soul of a nation, long suppressed, finds utterance..”

~Nehru

~Synopsis of Garam Hawa~

Garam Hawa, a movie by S.M. Sathyu, analyzes on the social-economic scenario of Northern India after partition, the relation between the Muslim and Hindu inhabitants of Agra and the changing perspectives of Hindus and Nationalists toward their Muslim counterparts. The Hindu sentiment towards the birth of Pakistan, minority Muslim population residing in India, and the socioeconomic dominance of Hindu bureaucrats, caused a mass segregation and disparity among them. Money lenders refuse to provide loan to Muslims and employers stop employing them, State confiscates the houses of those possessing no official ownership, making their life harder and compelling them to migrate to Pakistan as an only solution.

garam hawa posterSalim Mirza (Balraj Sahni), a small time shoe factory owner, is refused business loan by various banks and money lenders, for he is a Muslim. He faces hardships of highest sort in those mere few days. He and his family is thrown out of their home, he looses his factory, eventually his old mother and a daughter die. The changing attitude of his Hindu friends toward him compels him to move out of the country. Still, migrating is indecisive for Salim for he is a man of principles and love for the country.

The final plot of the movie we see him coming out of his long silence, and marching against the unjust society. He, an old man, awakens and fights for his rights. Salim Mirza; a man of self-respect, principles and faith, doesn’t falter till the end. With his uncompromising faith for God and everyday hardship, he tries to make the situation better for him and his family. He remains adamant. He fights for his life, his job and his family, and for his desire to live a prosperous life in the very country he ever lived. Migrating to Pakistan is not an option for him, for he believes the good faith and good deeds will definitely offer him and his family a better life.

★★★★/5

Analysis of its Sociopolitical Elements

The title, Garam Hawa (Scorching Summer Wind), suits the mood of the story completely. It visualizes the difficulty faced by an ordinary man in ordinary circumstances. He is hard-struck with the changing times. It concludes that the one cannot run from his responsibility, his love for the country and his identity. Be it Muslim, Sikh or Hindus, whoever have been living in their own country as refugees have to accept their new lives, either live it or fight for the change.

It’s not the case where only Muslim suffered from such dire situations, but many Hindus in Pakistan suffered the same faith. They were displaced and discriminated too. Even, they fought for their right. It seems that it was a natural course of time, rather difficult to compensate with anything else.

~The Partition of India, and its Social Impact on the Muslims~

people migrating after partition of india

People migrating in large scale, after the partition of India in 1947

The 15th of August, 1947, saw the biggest turn in the history of Mankind. A country long exploited by British colonization and The East India Company’s monopoly saw the beacon of light of truce, freedom, peace and brotherhood. It was the day when India took birth, and so did Indians! After laboring almost 200 years under Foreign Imperialism, the country freed itself from disparity, discrimination and identity crisis. India, which consists of religions, languages and castes more than any other country in the world, took a leap of faith . The freedom promised new dreams, ideas, life and opportunities for all.

Unfortunately, the free citizens of the free country chose to divide their dream. The very reason that parted a single territory into two different nations. It caused millions of Muslims and Hindus to migrate to other side. Many were forced to vacate their home and emigrate to a new homeland called Pakistan or India, for their home was taken away from them. For Muslims, the only home was Pakistan, and for Hindus it was India. Most elite Muslims chose their only home, Pakistan, like it was a consensus of every individual Muslim in India. Unfortunately, many Muslims never chose Pakistan as their new home, but their own home as their own. Separation, For some, running away wasn’t an option. Living with the Muslim identity and as a minority in an unjust society will be their life for times to come.

Separation and violence burned lives of millions of men, children and especially women. It was a great tragedy which cannot be undone. Immediately, after the partition, Muslims from India and Sikhs and Hindus from Pakistan, emigrated to their new home. Some were forced to move, and some moved by their own will. If it was a mutual exchange of population with no need of differences, or for a bargain of religion, why did millions of people got killed? This tragedy cannot be undone, both sides made mistakes. The differences have been created among Muslims & Hindus, and the hatred still follows in the new age. Pakistan and India has consistently been into war since 1947.

Gallery

Video on Partition of India, 1947

Resources:

Salaam-Bombay-1

Review & Synopsis: Salaam Bombay (1988)

Bombay (Mumbai), the most colorful city in the world -the hub for filmy duniya, money and fame, is unfortunately a home to the biggest slum “Dharavi,” filled with the life of misery, poverty, struggle and deprivation. What makes Bombay the biggest city in the world, is that everyone who live or have migrated here, have big dreams. Dreams are what they live for! Dreams make their pulse run faster! The hunger for power, money and fame has made a man work round the clock, 24/7.

~REVIEW~

Salaam Bombay (1988), directed by Mira Nair, is such a rare gem of today’s Indian Cinema, has captured the truth and audacity of Indian poverty. The brilliance in the script, acting, plots, dialogue and backdrop has reproduced Bombay ‘Mumbai’.

The daily chores of the protagonists in the movie; tea selling, garbage collecting, robbing old and helpless people, selling drugs and sex trading, are strikingly realistic. Though, the life of people has been shown through a Cinematic spectrum, it looks as we watching it live and in person.

★★★★/5

~SYNOPSIS~

Krishna (Shafiq Syed) is abandoned at some circus by her mother, and is demanded to earn Rs.500 before returning home. One day, circus packs and leave him at his own. Krishna’s fate take him to Bombay (Mumbai) -the city of dreams. His first day in the city and he is robbed by some petty street hooligans, who eventually become his friends and later acquaintances.

Krishna aka Chaipau with his friends

Krishna aka Chaipau with his friends

Chillum (Raghuvir Yadav) is small time drug selling bumpkin, working for Baba (Nana Patekar), a retired pimp. Krishna works at some small tea stall near Grant Road Railway Station. He has a new name now Chaipau (The Tea Boy). He makes a regular round in the notorious red-light area of Falkland Road -the Harlem of prostitutes, everyday to sell teas. Krishna falls in love with Shola Saal, a young prostitute who is locked in a room to be prepared for her highest bidding client, who’d enjoy a chance to deflower her. Krishna misses his home and family, and his only ambition is  to earn Rs.500 asap and return back to his village. Chillum is terminated from the drug selling job by Baba, and he starts wandering Bombay street looking for petty cash, and heroin -with which he cannot survive a day. Krishna starts taking care of Chillum, other friends, and making Shola Saal happy.

One fine day, he is terminated from his tea selling job. With little money in hand and a dream to return to his village, he starts doing petty job. His best friend Chillum dies due to overdose of drugs, which he has bought with the money saved by Krisha. he is found wandering on the street by a policeman, and is send to a Juvenile. He befriends other orphans in the center and learns a plan to escape. With the desperation to meet Shola Saal and to return to his village, he runs away from the center, only to find his Love has been bought and taken away by a rich client. He accidentally stabs Baba, who is seen quarreling with his mistress. He saves and tries to run away with the mistresses, however, due to stampede in a local Ganpati Rally (Ganesha Puja) they get separated.

At the end, he is seen sitting in an abandoned street, desolate, thinking about his future, in Bombay but his village.”

~Screenshots~

Resources

Salaam Bombay in IMDB
Child Welfare Trust initiated by Mira Nair, Salaam Bombay Trust